US Census data 2017 American Indian/Alaska Native (Alone-does not include two or more origins) 2610 (1%) in Marin
San Francisco Bay Area:
Bay Area Census 2010 American Indian population 48,493
California Federally Recognized Tribes – 109 (78 current petitions for recognition)
California population – 746,753 (CA highest in U.S (includes those that identify also with a second race)). Next highest populations OK, AZ, NM – These include 3 highest population of single race AI/AN)
Source 2016 U.S. Census
Number of U.S. Federally Recognized Tribes (AI/AN) – 567
Native population – US Census Bureau statistics estimate that about 2.1 percent of the US population –around 4.5 million individuals – self-identifies American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) descent.
In 2000, 47 percent of AI/ANs lived on reservations or other US Census-defined tribal areas (US Dept. of Education).
Over 1.1 million AI/ANs are under the age of 24.
Challenges in Indian Country
- As a result of historical trauma, chronically underfunded federal programs, and broken promises on the part of the US government, American Indians and Alaska Natives experience many health, educational and economic disparities compared to the general population.
- The poverty rate among AI/ANs in 2009 was 23.6% (2009 census), and 32.4% of the under-18 AI/AN population lives in poverty (NCAI Policy Research Center).
- Average AI/AN household income is $33,300, while the national average is $46,200. According to the 2000 Census, Indians living in Indian Country have incomes less than half the national average (Duthu, N. Bruce. American Indians and the Law, New York: Penguin Group, 2008.
- 24.1 percent of AI/ANs lack health insurance coverage (2009 census data) and rely solely on the Indian health system. This is one factor leading to major health disparitiesamong the AI/AN population:
- Alcoholism mortality rates are 514 percent higher than the general population.
- Suicide rates are more than double
- Diabetes incidence is 177 percent higher, with the highest rate of type 2 diabetes of any specific population in the U.S.
- Tuberculosis incidence is 500 percent higher.
Statistics on Native American Youth
About 2 percent of US children are American Indian/Alaska Native, but AI/ANs represent 8.4 percent of the children in foster care. (NICWA, & Kids Are Waiting, 2007)
Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death – and 2.5 times the national rate – for AI/AN youth in the 15-24 age group. Native teens experience the highest rate of suicide of any population group in the United States.
Violence, including intentional injuries, homicide and suicide account for 75% of deaths for AI/AN youth age 12-20.
Adolescent AI/ANs have death rates 2 to 5 times the rate of Whites in the same age group (SAMHSA), resulting from higher levels of suicide and a variety of risky behaviors. https://www.sprc.org/racial-ethnic-disparities https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/suicide/rates_1999_2014.pdf
High school dropout rates for AI/AN youth are double the national average (Journal of American Indian Education), and over 50 percent in states with the highest AI/AN populations and the Pacific Northwest (UCLA study).
The national graduation rate for American Indian high school students was 49.3 percent for the 2003-4 school year, compared with 76.2 percent for white students. Just 13.3 percent of Native Americans have undergraduate degrees, versus 24.4 percent of the general population (NIEA).